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terça-feira,
6 de dezembro de 2016
Atualizado em: 19/11/2016
     
Fraudes Financeiras e Comerciais
Lista de Termos Comuns




Esta lista tem o objetivo de alertar sobre termos usados com frequência nas fraudes que envolvem programas de investimento variados e oportunidades de lucros fabulosos, envolvendo diversos tipos de mecanismos e instrumentos (guarantees, letters of credits, prime bank instruments, high yield investment programs, rolls programs etc...).



Denominações do instrumento supostamente usado para ter altos lucros:

Standby Letters of Credit
Prime Bank Discounted Guarantees
40 Weeks Guaranteed Return Investment Programs
Bank Debenture Trading Programs
Leveraged Capital Trading Programs
Bank Secured Capital Enhancements
High Yield Investment program
Fed ou Federal Reserve Program
UN Humanitarian Investment Program
High Yield Guaranteed Investments
Secured Investment Trading
Prime Bank Discounted Letters of Credit
Prime Bank Guarantees of 106%
Roll Programs
Leveraged pool
Currency trading program
Off balance sheet program
Money center instrument purchase and resale program
World bank paper
Federal Reserve notes
Blocked fund letters
IMF issued bonds
Prime bank notes, guarantees or debentures
Bankers acceptances
Bills of Exchange or Bills of Equity
Commercial bank credit lines
Irrevocable letters of credit
"Zero interest" credit instruments or letters of credit
The arbitrage of senior bank instruments
Medium Term Notes (MTN)
Currencies, commodities, gold and other financial instruments

O que você deve buscar e fornecer para os golpistas:

Bank Comfort Letter
Bank Proof of Funds
Bank Letter of Commitment
Blocked Assets or Funds Letter
Letter of Intents
Letter of Authority

Onde ficará aplicado e "garantido" o seu investimento:

Joint Venture Account
Protected With Buy/Sell Agreements
Safekeeping Deposit Account
Central Account Holder
Grand Master Account Holder
Holding Bank
Master Account Holder
Master Collateral Commitment Holder
Program Account Holder
Program Coordinator, Manager, Provider, or Trader
Top 25-100 European Banks
World Prime Bank
Trade Contract
Trading Account, Bank, or Partner
Trust Account Holder or Administrator
Closing bank, cutting bank, designated bank, fiduciary bank
Trust Agreement or Trust Group

Na descrição do negócio são usados os seguintes termos:

Freely negotiable, Unconditional, Irrevocable, Clear SWIFT wire transfers
Callable conditional sight drafts
International banking days
ICC (International Chamber of Commerce) 400/500
UCC (Uniform Commercial Code) form references
ICC Uniform Customs and Practices for Documentary Credit
ICC 3032 London Short Form
ICC 3039 London Long Form
Insurance Guarantee ICC 4081 Format
One year and one day (prazo da operação)
Irrevocable bank purchase order
Bank co-ordinator
Bank hard copy
Certified bank invoice
Cutting house
Good, clean and non-criminal origin
Bank to bank transaction
Key tested telex
Fresh-cut or seasoned paper
Collateral houses, sources or suppliers
Validation of the MCC (Master Collateral Commitment)
Irrevocable, non-retractable commitment of funds to purchase instruments
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